Folk medicine of Ukrainians — this is too broad branch
as the General culture and its esoteric, deep wisdom, which was born from empirical
individual knowledge of primitive man, and eventually shuls,
enriched by new knowledge, observations, practical experience of individuals, tribes, associations,
States and civilizations or certain migrations of peoples that have been passed or assimilated with the indigenous
the population which inhabits the earth or regions of modern Ukraine. It should be noted that the tendency to sedentary lifestyle of our ancient ancestors was, of course, the main factor that encouraged the study of nature generally, of the environment, in particular space, astralnaut, the sacredness of the vocation of man on earth.Of interest (if not a landmark!) a century ago
opening Vikentiya khvoyki of the existence of Tripoli
civilization eloquently proves that going to turn
tomes of the history of Ukraine is not good with Kievan Rus, not with the legendary Scythia and not even from the state of the ants. The cornerstones of the Foundation of our nation’s history, the origins of spirituality and elements of national traditions should be sought
in this nearly ten-thousandth of the ancient era until Christmas
Of Christ. Eight years ago on our earth there was a civilization
mysterious oriev. Proto two-storey dwellings, strange pottery, figurines, close to anthropomorphic portraits, ornaments, glassware,
housing, paint colors, learning that, we make the idea of world view, living conditions, the mythology of the ancient inhabitants of the steppes. Surprise ancient settlements,
which occupy an area of over 400 hectares Agricultural tradition oriev knew ten cereals. In particular, Oria grew three varieties of wheat and two of barley. So that antiquity are many paths of history — to the solution of agricultural talent and talent ancestors
agricultural festive cycle, which began in Holiness,
life, daily life and spirituality of the people,
his calling and his art, which included as a specific industry and basic knowledge of national treatment.
The main economic activity, not just ready-to-use of natural resources and the production, reproduction demanded great strenuous labor, and with it the worship of the gods, the spirits, the souls of the dead and put in time on the calendar, in particular ritual.
Ancient calendars in the territory of modern Ukraine was found on the upper layers of the Parking lot in the village of Mezin in Chernihiv region, in sec. Lepesivka Khmelnytskyi region,
that relate to agricultural and pastoral tribes Jun-
Scythian culture (II to V century C. E.), Chernyakhov burials near S. Baglay Starokostiantynivsky district
These and many other archaeological finds of the Tripolye and Chernyakhov cultures are extremely
valuable and eloquent testimonies to explore
worldview, beliefs, economic activities of our
distant ancestors. We, as doctors, no doubt, interest in these calendars primarily for their ceremonial appointee and wakefulness
pagan cults. After all the rituals were performed at certain times of the year, some months, was accompanied by clearly
defined extremely eloquent conspiracies
using water, fragrant plants, amulets. As
with magic, and from a purely therapeutic purpose. Although, of course, the therapeutic goal is possible at this stage to speak
only conditionally, knowing about the world, skills, customs,
the level of knowledge ancestors.But that was the time when magic words, magic numbers, magic things, charms, incantations, the use of medicinal
plants, worship of various deities presented a United
flow in the prevention and treatment of primitive man, which
led a complicated and difficult battle to its far from simple existence and approval of himself as a man on earth. Economic
the activities of the time are closely intertwined with funeral
belief in various deities. When even
briefly analyze the time periods of the rituals, then
note their consonance with the changes of time. At the end of December — early January, our ancestors celebrated the New year and farewell to the old, the revival dazhdbog, Veles worship, the blessing of water. Spring symbolized God Yarilo, who awakened the earth from a long slumber. On the territory of Ukraine Jari day various tribes, celebrated within three months (bere – ban — April — may).
The awakening of nature bore a great responsibility: it was necessary to cultivate the land, to sow, to plant plants in the spring, one day the whole year feeding. To watch fields and to celebrate the success of the games, called “havoc”.
Other summer holidays we are interested in the pagan holiday of Ivan Kupala, when there is a violent flowering of the healing potions and the collection of medicinal plants.
In July were honored also Perun — the chief God of the Eastern Slavs. Last, as an ardent worshippers who believed that Perun, the owner of lightning cuts through the clouds and releases for the people sun. He waters the thirsty land of life-giving rain without which abounds with edible and medicinal exceedingly, not growing, no cattle, not a river, stream, lake is not full.Devotion to the sun recorded in the verbal and musical folklore, and to our mind, proves that our nation was a great hygienist of his time:
In a single window — Based on the sun,
In the second box — Lunches in the sun
In third window — in the afternoon sun,
But in the fourth window of the sunset.
July is the month of picking fruit, vegetables, cereals early flowering of medicinal plants of hard work in the apiary.
On 8 and 9 September, our ancestors celebrated the holiday — spirit of the ancestors, the patron Saint of the family, the house, the founder of life and Rajaniti. Rozhanitsa — female deity, the Deputy kind of home. Define a modern language such “functional responsibilities”. She was instrumental in the conception that it passed without any attacks of evil spirits, watched pregnancy. A woman in good health had nurtured in her womb the child safely to her people. The mother was protecting the pregnant woman from evil eye, bad spirit, evil spirits both day and night, Moretz said the future mother of strength, patience, composure and strength to deliver a healthy, full-term baby. This deity was following the health and soul of the mother, her family, home. So deep powa to their ancestors, parents, especially mothers, were incorporated in the matrices of heredity of our ancestors in ancient, ancient times.
On the day of the autumnal equinox came the Fire festival-Svarozhich. Protokollan deeply believed that the King of the Fire with the Queen of the Water created the world. At the end of September and the beginning of the first half of October had finished the collection of the late autumn crops, plucking fruits, digging roots of medicinal plants was done with the preparations for winter.
At the end of December and in early January, as already mentioned, is to honor the Rain God — God of sun, light and fire. He devoted three holidays: Christmas carols-Christmas eve, Vodolechenie. Carol is a very respected holiday of the Slavs. It is a celebration of the birth of the sun, blessing the lives of rebuilding his powerful life force. The sun, Earth, Water cornerstone honoring the sanctity of life, prayer, the eternal renewal of nature, of eternal life. rejoice, Oh hail, Earth, Ash, the world lit up!
This time there were three very important ritual events: carols praising the Sun, the Generous and the evening sowing were praising the Earth, Ordana-Vodolechenie consecrated water.
We not randomly stopped at the characterization and examination of ritual celebrations that bring our ancestors to bygone eras to gray rubble beliefs, fixing a separate pragmatic knowledge in song, ritual and medical folklore by comparisons and analogies to use for the renovation of the remedies inherent to our people for millennia. (See. The section on reconstruction of “living” water).So, economic production and ritual customs, calendars, beliefs, traditions, legends, and folklore — both verbally and song, especially the medical field — we need some guidance, compasses, around areas yaki * we will visulahti facts, episodes, to generalization, to accumulate knowledge on the basics of traditional medicine on the basis of high spirituality, the use for therapeutic purposes of the word, water, plants, sun, air, manual therapy, products of animal husbandry, particularly apiculture. In our quest will involve a significant body of related Sciences: Ethnography, history, archeology, linguistics, folklore, anthropology, art history, etc., which allow deeper and more detailed look to recreate the pages of the historical memory of the Ukrainian people, is lost on the steep paths of epochs, in the ruptures of slavery and ravines thousands of years.
But, getting to the study or analysis of individual events, historical eras, cultures, such as folk medicine, with the goal of netobjectives lighting of the causes of a process, its approval in the minds of the people, of the consequences and impact on the individual century of the era or the Millennium, it is necessary to give due attention to the dimension of the national character. These measurements are primarily due to conditions of residence (geographic regions), climate, ethnicity, presence of communications, basics of nutrition, lifestyle, hygiene skills, high General culture.
Ancient Ukrainian culture appeared, argued, grew and reached a significant global soared to cult land, agricultural labor. The basis of the universe, the Ukrainians put such elements: water, air, fire, sky, earth. But preference is given to the elements of earth, particularly the process of sowing it with grain. This process is sanctified and is the main and the meaning of life and existence.).
According to the myth of Ukrainian men, God fashioned from the earth, and woman from the dough. Therefore, the cult of bread in Ukrainian played a special role. Bread and salt welcome distinguished guests. “Bread is a head”, “the Most precious thing for a man bread and salt, and honor,” — these Proverbs are prevalent from time immemorial. Even Jesus Christ, the wisdom of the people forced to change the profession of preaching. In one of carols [familiar with the story: God and Saint Peter plow, and the mother of God is named there is nothing to worry harvest.
So, the philosophy of the land and labour of our ancestors puts the agricultural profession to the level of God’s victory. Pay attention to the fact that the work on the ground early in the spring, summer, autumn, beneficial to human health: fresh air, sunshine, a combination of animal and vegetable food, rich in vitamins and minerals, exercise genisti that tones the cardiovascular and muscular system, and the like. Participation in feasible child labour (the basis of the succession of generations), educational character and example of parents, the pride of the children of parents instilling elements of patriotism for his native land, the edge of the Fatherland. Noting the parents, the kids call them “You”. And the parents called the children: “My sun, my flowers, the clear Falcon” and others. Working the land requires significant hereditary knowledge, skill, thrift, reflections, doubts, assumptions, learning from the experiences of generations of intellectual and muscular.Character with magical thinking, ignoring the fervor and haste, and instead dominates in the character of prudence and caution, and deep thought, the fear of mistakes. After all, to sow, grow, care for crops, to collect grain, good to have a special restraint, to spend a lot of work to follow or to disregard certain signs, superstitions, to find and use amulets for health, protection of the home, yard, livestock, pastures, hayfields , fields, and laniv History over thousands of years is not fixed in the Ukrainian famines. But for seven decades of the twentieth century, recorded as many as three. This era was trampled ethnicity, to the leg cut of the millennial farming culture, the continuity of generations. Reigned outright meanness, betrayal. The main producers — the peasants threw the loop of the feudal vandalism and total physical destruction.
In ancient Ukrainian culture dominates the woman’s face over a man. This puts her into the circle of major events. She is the Creator of the family hearth, the children’s mother. A woman stands in the center of the spring, summer calendar rites and poetry. It continues the human race, feeding children breast milk, sings lullabies, tells tales and legends forms the spiritual world of the next generation. She is, customary law and the need, as did her mother, grandmother and great-grandmother, rubs after birth and before each feeding decoction of the buds of the black poplar, birch or aspen nipples and areola to prevent mastitis.She is bathing baby in the infusion of the herd, marjoram, hawthorn flowers, chamomile, herbs, mint, thyme, yarrow to her baby grew healthy and vigorous, full of strength and energy. Mother seeks to more fully convey their knowledge of the universe, learn to embroider, to draw, to sing, to work at home and on the field, treats the child from diseases, eating diseases, uses charms to her sweetheart did not touch the “unclean force “. Is it because the Ukrainian folklorists presumably include several millions of folk songs of various genres, the cultural center is dominated by the image of women-mother, her astronomical concern and care.
In the era of the Cossacks in the character of the people prevail sense of separation, travel to a foreign country, the tragic feelings associated with the death of his father, brother, beloved in the protection of native land from the enslavement of Turkish, Tatar, Polish or Moscow. Dominated by the idea of the highway — Cossack and milky. That time is conceived and formed in our land of chivalry, and with it the desire to comprehend the world as a military, spiritual and secular. Established their educational institutions, brotherhoods and shop. Developing crafts, temples are built as centres of preservation of the nation from the forced polonisation (stick a Catholic faith).
The Cossack era has produced and produces still a huge positive impact on our people, culture, science, history, art, and national consciousness. Victorious spirit of chivalry, deceptive greatness will rise to an unprecedented prior to the development of the Cossack’s art. Duma and historical song becomes more informative and the ideological factor, which in a highly artistic images forms the soul and spirituality of the nation, her relentless thirst for freedom, independence and the establishment of its statehood. Proliferating stories, legends, parables about characterinto of Cossack Mamay, Canoe, ataman Ivan Sirko, Doroshenko the Hetman Sahaidachny, Mazepa, Polubotok, the last Cossack Zaporozhian Sich Kalnyshevsky.
But plunging into the study of the origins of traditional medicine, good to always take into account psychological peculiarities of the Ukrainian people, the era in which he lived and worked, economic, in fact, social phenomena that characterize the level of production, and with it the level of General scientific and applied knowledge .
However, measurement of the national character has changed too. Especially ugly degradation experienced by our people for three centuries of colonial oppression and seventy years of Imperial oppression. True life itself a sovereign Ukraine has put persistent and priorities (along with economic development) neutralization ugly degradation in the minds of the people and the return of historical memory, national consciousness, mastering the achievements of the past and thousands of years of layers of wisdom and achievements of folk medicine.
In Cossack times in Ukraine are created secondary and higher education institutions, widespread gaining education. A significant part of the Cossack elite educated in European universities. So, education and education, promote the introduction into our land, then industry knowledge, and find it especially optimal environment for teaching and development.
And people in extreme conditions: from the South, North, West and East enemies. Over the land hangs the Damocles sword of eternal enslavement, spiritual and physical destruction. Peasant-farmer life turns into a warrior-farmer and puts in front of him ninagal – niche problems of preservation of the ethnic group and survival. Fighting, total attacks by hordes of invaders, fire, the spread of plagues (epidemic diseases) were forced to look for a reliable means for treating fresh and septic wounds, burns, anti-stinging (dysentery), which is too widely entered in Ukraine in those days. Organized hospital in monasteries — the prototypes of modern hospitals, where not only improving care and relatively high (call it modern) security mode: the prayers, the incantations, the sacrament and treatment. Treatment is not only “Holy” or consecrated water, but in the first use of medicinal plants. Of particular importance at the present time, such medicinal plants: plantain leaves, grass knotweed, common, roots, flowers and leaves of marshmallow, leaves, bark and oak galls, rhizomes erect cinquefoil (galangal), roots and rhizomes of Burnet, fruits, leaves and roots of the wild strawberry, the fruits and flowers of Sambucus nigra, the fruits of the cherries, sloe, raspberry, currant, hawthorn, rose hips etc. are still very important plants which contain in their composition of volatile oil, tannins, volatile, organic resin, antibiotics and pain: peppermint, yarrow, oregano, tansy, common centaury, thyme, elecampane, horseradish, cress, buds of various species of poplar, garlic, onion, radish, St. John’s wort, bread mold, etc. Treated wounds and burns, tannins, volatile, organic resins, antibiotics (moldy bread, St. John’s wort tincture, etc.).
Bitterness, as is known to modern science, normalize and enhance gastric acidity. As the acidity prevents the development of Salmonella, bacteria dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid and acts a certain zapovidnyk tool in the dissemination of the mentioned ailments. Cossack’s meat dishes are always there petrushevich such plants: Samoil grove, capology sweet, stinging nettle, tansy, grated horseradish, oregano, thyme, watch.
Where there were a lot of people (in public places, churches, hospitals), cast out “evil” spirits with incense and prophylactic of volatile oils of oregano, thyme, juniper, wormwood, poplar buds, and the like.
From I. P. Kotlyarevsky read that drinking:
Vodka is simple and calanca,
Smoked for spirit of juniper.
Drawing attention to the pharmacologically active substances referred to as medicinal plants, come to the conclusion that our ancestors created natural air conditioning (for the spirit), where he acted volatile and a substantial and complex range of volatile oils and their composition in thymol, the synthesis of antibiotics and sulfa drugs were hardly strong natural disinfection substance together with organic resins of the buds of various species of poplar.
Summing up, good to note that the Cossack era, its ideas, its Renaissance gives a huge boost to the development of various spheres of activity and creativity of the people, including the use of a powerful Arsenal of folk medicine. This becomes a significant weight manual therapy — treatment of fractures, exercises, dislocation, treatment of purulent diseases of bones due to various injuries on the battlefield, in campaigns, military actions, sieges and the like.
Considerable weight is dietetics. Then the monks, healers, nuns, healers, and medicine men knew empirically that regenerate the seriously wounded and sick Cossacks it is necessary to consume beef, milk, cheese, sour cream, honey, a significant amount of vegetable food which, as we know now, provided the haggard body essential amino acids, multivitamins, trace elements complex.
It’s time to identify the main criteria, the cornerstone of the evaluation of traditional medicine.